Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain, also known as Chief Joseph, was a leader of the Nez Perce Nation. He lived during the time where his people were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands. After a series of broken treaties, and broken promises, a band of about 750 people left the area, and were eventually headed for Canada to join Sitting Bull, or at least to live in peace, as free men and women. They were pursued by the U.S. Army, which became known as the Nez Perce War. It wasn’t much of a war. Cannon fire was used against men, women, children, and old people (several times).
They were pursued 1, 170 miles over a three month period. More than 150 of the people were killed. Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain, was reluctant to fight the war in the first place. He surrendered in order to save what was left of his people. They were less than 40 miles from the Canadian border.
The best book I have seen on this topic is by Kent Nerburn. He is an excellent writer, but he also tells the story from the First Nations point of view. He shows the humanity and compassion of the Nez Perce. If you are interested in history, I highly recommend it. The first two chapters are some of the best writing, of any kind, that I have seen.
A few quotes by Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain:
It does not require many words to speak the truth.
You might as well expect rivers to run backwards, as any man born free to be contented penned up.
The first white men of your people who came to our country were named Lewis and Clark. They brought many things that our people had never seen. They talked straight. These men were very kind.
I hope that no more groans of wounded men and women will ever go to the ear of the Great Spirit Chief above, and that all people may be one people.
War can be avoided, and it ought to be avoided. I want no war.
All men were made by the Great Spirit Chief. They are all brothers.
Blessings to everyone (both brothers and sisters!), and PEACE!
Writing © Copyright 2015, nicodemasplusthree
images from google/quotes from brainyquote